Table 2

Traumatization and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder

Group; mean (SD)
MeasureTraumatized controls, n = 19PTSD, n = 20Kruskal–Wallis χ21*p value*
Checklist7.68 (4.66)14.80 (5.63)13.26< 0.001
CAPS score
 Sum of event list4.68 (2.24)6.60 (2.19)5.53< 0.001
 Intrusion subscale7.05 (5.19)22.70 (6.14)25.66< 0.001
 Avoidance subscale3.16 (4.95)26.10 (6.10)27.42< 0.001
 Hyperarousal subscale2.84 (4.22)20.10 (5.99)25.42< 0.001
 Sum13.05 (11.98)68.90 (15.46)27.04< 0.001
  • CAPS = Clinician Administered PTSD Scale;32 Checklist = shortened version of the vivo Checklist of war, detention and torture events;31 PTSD = posttraumatic stress disorder; SD = standard deviation.

  • * All tests were 2-tailed, with p < 0.01 indicating a highly significant group difference.