Table 7

Summary of the results of the 3 meta-analyses

ComparisonNo. of studiesEffect size summary (95% confidence interval)ZQ testI2 (%)Influence testEgger’s testKendall’s rank test
Specific anxiety9−0.4858 (−0.8319 to −0.1398)−2.7517
p = 0.006
17.6384
p = 0.040
48.98None−1.2078
p = 0.23
−0.2889
p = 0.29
General anxiety90.8139 (−1.4484 to −0.1794)−2.5142
p = 0.012
41.0326
p < 0.001
80.50Dilkov et al.87 (2017)−0.3108
p = 0.76
−0.1667
p = 0.61
General anxiety*8−0.5684 (−1.0626 to −0.0742)−2.2541
p = 0.024
19.5887
p = 0.007
64.27None−0.1009
p = 0.92
−0.1429
p = 0.72
Depression7−0.9822 (−1.6177 to −0.3468)−3.0297
p = 0.002
23.4602
p < 0.001
74.42Dilkov et al.87 (2017)−0.9869
p = 0.32
−0.1429
p = 0.77
Depression*6−0.6433 (−0.9786 to −0.3081)−3.7616
p < 0.001
3.8846
p = 0.57
None−0.7960
p = 0.43
−0.0667
p > 0.99
  • * Indicates results after outlier removal.