Region of interest | Normalized volumes, mm^{3}^{*} | Estimated normalized volumes adjusted for superior cingulate gyrus overlap, mm^{3}^{*} | F_{1,75} | p value | η_{p}^{2} | ||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Unexposed controlsn = 50 | Individuals with prenatal alcohol exposuren = 30 | Unexposed controlsn = 50 | Individuals with prenatal alcohol exposuren = 30 | ||||

Right pregenual ACC | 1642.99 ± 760.05 | 1488.72 ± 760.80 | 1717.25 ± 68.77 | 1387.93 ± 89.43 | 8.528 | 0.019^{†} | 0.102 |

Right anterior MCC | 2152.45 ± 601.03 | 2188.95 ± 402.93 | 2186.14 ± 67.7 | 2146.69 ± 88.04 | 0.126 | 0.72 | 0.002 |

Right rostral cingulate cortex | 3795.43 ± 1152.16 | 3677.67 ± 916.96 | 3903.39 ± 92.66 | 3534.62 ± 120.50 | 5.890 | 0.036^{†} | 0.073 |

Left pregenual ACC | 1310.12 ± 651.58 | 1420.55 ± 802.53 | NA | NA | 0.131 | 0.72^{‡} | 0.010 |

Left anterior MCC | 1851.89 ± 569.66 | 1851.33 ± 512.14 | 1901.34 ± 64.0 | 1771.55 ± 84.03 | 1.494 | 0.23 | 0.020 |

Left rostral cingulate cortex | 3162.01 ± 1096.26 | 3271.88 ± 1138.74 | 3277.63 ± 102.36 | 3081.14 ± 133.31 | 1.363 | 0.25 | 0.018 |

ACC = anterior cingulate cortex; ANCOVA = analysis of covariance; FDR = false discovery rate; MCC = midcingulate cortex; NA = not applicable.

↵* Values are mean ± standard deviation.

↵† Represent a

*q*value (i.e., a Benjamini–Hochberg FDR-corrected*p*value). For Benjamini–Hochberg FDR correction, we assumed 2 tests for total rostral cingulate cortex volume and 4 tests for subregion volumes.↵‡ Adjusted for rank analysis of covariance34 because of violation of an ANCOVA assumption (i.e., residuals were not normally distributed).